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About Lahore

History of Lahore

The origins of Lahore are shrouded in the mists of antiquity but Lahore is undoubtedly ancient. Legend has it that it was founded about 4,000 years ago by Loh, son of Rama, the hero of the Hindu epic, the Ramayana. Historically, it has been proved that Lahore is at least 2,000 years old. Hieun-tasng, the famous Chinese pilgrim has given a vivid description of Lahore which he visited in the early parts of the 7th century AD. Lying on the main trade and invasion routes to South Asia, Lahore has been ruled and plundered by a number of dynasties and hordes. Muslim rule began here when Qutub-ud-din Aibak was crowned in Lahore in 1206 and thus became the first Muslim Sultan of the South Asia. It waxed and waned in importance during the Sultanate. However, it touched the zenith of its glory during the Mughal rule from 1524 to 1752. The Mughals, who were famous as builders, gave Lahore some of its finest architectural monuments, many of which are extinct today.

Built in 1673, the Badshahi Mosque is a prime example of Mughal Architecture.


Jahangir's mausoleum in Shahdara, Lahore


Alamgiri Gate


Wazir Khan Mosque

Geography and Climate

Lahore

Climate chart (explanation)

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

23

20
6

29

22
9

41

27
14

20

34
20

22

39
24

36

40
27

202

36
27

164

35
26

61

35
24

12

33
18

4

27
12

14

22
7

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: World Weather Information Service

Imperial conversion

Lying between 31°15′—31°45′ N and 74°01′—74°39′ E, Lahore is bounded on the north and west by the Sheikhupura District, on the east by Wagah, and on the south by Kasur District. The Ravi River flows on the northern side of Lahore. Lahore city covers a total land area of 404 km² and is still growing.

Economy


The WAPDA building is the main headquarters for Pakistan's Water and Power Development Authority.


Siddiq Trade Centre is one of Lahore's many new shopping malls. Lahore's economic strength relies on the fact that it is the biggest city of Pakistan's most populous province. It is also the most advanced in terms of infrastructure, having extensive and relatively well developed road links to all major cities in Punjab and North-West Frontier Province, a rail link with India and the province's biggest International airport. It also has the most developed communications infrastructure in the province, which includes a wide network of fiber optic telephone and cable lines, GSM mobile network, IPP and WiMax. It has the most developed education and health sectors as well, making it the economic, political and educational hub of the province. ‎ As Lahore expands, former residential areas are being turned into commercial centres, and the suburban population is constantly moving outwards. This has resulted in the development of the Liberty Market, MM Alam Road, the new Jail Road (which has some of the largest office buildings in Lahore), and the Main Boulevard
Metro, Makro and Hyperstar (Carrefour) have situated their headquarters in Lahore.

Culture

One of the horses on display at the annual horse and cattle show
Lahore's culture is unique. Known as the cultural capital or Heart of Pakistan, the city was the seat of the Mughal Empire and the Sikh Empire as well as the capital of Punjab in Mahmud Ghaznavi's 11th century empire and in the British Empire.
Lahore has played an important role in Pakistani history. It was in this city that Pakistan's independence declaration was made. It was the largest city in the newly formed Pakistan at the time of independence and provided the easiest access to India, with its porous border near the Indian city of Amritsar only 30 miles (48 km) to the east. Large numbers of Hindus, Sikhs, and Muslims lived closely in Lahore before the independence of Pakistan.  

Badshahi Mosque, seen here at night, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Basant is a Punjabi festival marking the coming of spring. Basant celebrations in Pakistan are centered in Lahore, and people from all over the country and from abroad come to the city for the annual festivities. Kite-flying competitions traditionally take place on city rooftops during Basant. Courts have banned the kite-flying because of casualties and power installation losses.
The Festival of Lamps, or Mela Chiraghan, is an important and popular event in Lahore. This is celebrated at the same time as Basant, every spring on the last Friday of March, outside the Shalimar Gardens.


Cooco's cafe, a famous restaurant in the Old city of Lahore


Minaret of Badshahi Mosque in background, viewed from the roof of Cooco's Den


A food street in Lahore, centre of traditional Pakistani food


The old markets of Anarkali remain a popular tourist attraction in Lahore.

Education


Punjab University Old Campus, also known as Allama Iqbal Campus


Quaid-e-Azam Library


Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) Lahore is known as Pakistan's education capital, with more colleges and universities than any other city in the country. Lahore is Pakistan’s largest producer of professionals in the fields of science, technology, IT, engineering, medicine, nuclear sciences, pharmacology, telecommunication, biotechnology and microelectronics. Most of the reputable universities are public, but in recent years there has also been an upsurge in the number of private.
 
 
 
Sponsor & Supporters
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Media Partners
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PAMCO Activities
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1st Halal Conference
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